The riding tips on these pages are my personal opinion about matters related to motorcycle riding. They are not the official position of any organization, and are for your consideration only. They are not hard and fast rules, they should not necessarily be applied in all circumstances, and they should not be applied without thinking. Always use your judgement and take all current safety factors into account while riding. You are responsible for your riding, not anyone else (especially me). These tips were originally published by a motorcycle riding course, called “Tip of the Week” (the reason for the TOTW in the titles).
How does “engine braking” work?
Should you downshift to slow your bike? Let’s review how it works, why you would want to do it, and why you might not.
Suppose you are riding at a constant speed, then close the throttle. The engine’s inertia will fight the bike’s forward motion and will “drag” the bike to a slower speed. Now do it over but adding a downshift. This forces the engine speed higher and the “drag” will increase.
Why would you do that?
Among riders who believe Engine Braking is an advanced technique (I disagree), you’ll hear several reasons:
- It’s a habit from driving a standard-transmission car, where it can sometimes be a good practice (e.g. on ice).
- It sounds impressive. You get a cool “brmmmmmm” from the engine, just like you hear when you watch motorcycle racing on TV. You think racers must be doing it.
- It’s a challenging skill.
- It saves wear on brake pads.
- In conditions where you want to brake using mainly the rear wheel (rare since the front is the more effective brake) engine braking makes rear-wheel locking less likely than using the rear brake.
Why would you not do it?
Despite the attractions above, engine braking is not good practice, for several reasons.
- It trades brake pad wear for engine wear. Brake pads are made to wear and cheap to replace. Engines aren’t.
- It applies braking force to the rear wheel (the one connected to the engine). As you will learn from rider training, your front wheel is the important one for braking. Rear-wheel braking will slow your bike, but not much.
- Your brake light won’t come on, and you really should let the car behind you know you’re slowing.
- You’re not hearing racers do it. They’re doing something that sounds similar, described below.
You should not downshift to make the bike slow down; you should downshift because the bike is slowing down — so you are remaining in the appropriate gear for the speed you are going. You will adjust the throttle position (using a little “blip”) to match the new engine speed so your downshift is smooth and does not cause braking action on the rear wheel. (It’s this throttle adjustment you’re hearing racers do.) There are two good ways to slow your bike:
Braking. That’s what your brakes are for, and they’re very good at it. As you’ll learn from rider training, use both brakes, using only light pressure on the rear and squeezing the front with sufficient pressure to get the braking effect you want.
Scrubbing. This is the fancy term for just backing off the throttle and letting the bike slow down. If you back off the throttle and then let the bike “coast” to a slower speed, you’re “scrubbing some speed”. It’s a more impressive term than “coasting” — impress your friends with your expert vocabulary.
One more time: downshift to remain in the correct gear. Because you are slowing down, not in order to slow down.